Skin Type or skin condition? What does my skin actually need?

Skin Type or skin condition? What does my skin actually need?


Who has normal skin? I don't. And neither have you, otherwise you probably wouldn't be reading this blog entry. We knew already that skin is a very individual, personal thing. But what does that actually mean? Until recently, skin was classified by type or status: Normal, oily, or dry. And in drugstores and perfumeries we still find hundreds of creams, cleansers and other products that are designed the same way: For dry skin, oily skin etc.

But the skin condition changes in the course of life and can be influenced by many factors: Cycle and hormones, lifestyle (nutrition, smoking, stress, etc.), but also heat and cold, environmental toxins and specific soaps or solvents. The skin conditions are differentiated as follows: normal, fat-moist, fat-dry, low-fat-dry and low-fat-moist skin. It should be noted that the opposite of "fatty" skin is not dry but low in fat. The opposite of dry is moist.

And how do you determine your skin condition? If you are prone to pustules, blackheads or small nodules (papules), your skin is probably fat-moist. Typical for a fat-moist condition is also shiny, large-pored skin. The sebaceous glands (unfortunately) produce too much fat, glandular outlets clog up and lead to pimples.

Fat-Dry skin is not very common and is rather a short-term deviation from fat-moist skin, for example after extreme exposure to the sun. Then the skin is still oily (sebum production does not stop), but very tense and feels dry.

The dry-low-fat skin condition is unfortunately difficult to treat and many people suffer from it. Here the sebaceous glands produce too little sebum. And what does the skin look like then? Matt or dull, somewhat rather rough. Sometimes tensions, itching or even symptoms like dehydration eczema occur. Unfortunately, the lack of moisture also causes rapid wrinkles, the reddish areas on the face lead to a blotchy, restless skin appearance.

Low-fat-moist skin is similar to the fat-dry skin condition, rather a subform that rarely occurs on certain occasions. For example, if you sweat in the gym, come out of the swimming pool or work in a laundry. Of course there is still the well-known "combination skin". The combination skin has an oily part (mostly forehead, nose and chin) and a normal or oily skin condition on the cheeks.


Fat-moist skin needs only a very light moisturizing care. Some dermatologists recommend a tonic that has an astringent effect, if necessary even with alcohol. Especially with the low-fat-dry skin, you should have a good look at the ingredients of your facecare. It should provide moisture, balance skin health, reduce tensions and redness, in the best case reduce wrinkles and above all: Do not irritate any further.

Many common ingredients are a no-go for low-fat-dry, sensitive skin. For example linalool, citronellol, geraniol, citral, benzyl salicylate, benzyl alcohol. But many more irritate the skin, it would lead too far to list all here.

Good for low-fat-dry skin is first of all everything that naturally moisturizes: Aloe Vera for example. Aloe contains a cocktail of minerals and vitamins and has a strong moisturizing and soothing effect - much better than using water as base for the cream that actually only dries out again. Also important: antioxidants. The highest quality moisturizers for dry skin contain an effective combination of various antioxidants.

By the way, there is no care for combination skin. This simply makes no sense from a dermatological point of view. In fact, if your combination skin is very pronounced, you have to care for its two "zones" differently. Do you care for your skin according to your skin condition? Sometimes it is also worth to reconsider the face care your were using and to adapt it to your current and individual skin condition. We look forward to answering your individual questions about ingredients and care. Just send us an email!

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